and he’s doing this in the mid-third century, at the point that Roberts claims these things weren’t happening.
All of this is to say that the fits in nicely with the rest of what we know about third century Marian theology and prayer, and that the arguments favoring a later dating are unpersuasive or wrong.
it; it wasn’t made the official imperial religion until the Edict of Thessalonica in 380, long after his death (Constantine himself only became a baptized Christian upon his deathbed).
Constantine had literally nothing to do with the theology or spirituality of Origen, who died more than twenty years before Constantine’s birth.
The very same Christians praying to Mary were the ones who lost their lives over their faithful refusal to engage in idolatry.
(2) This is the strongest testimony against the ugly lie that Marian prayers were instituted by Constantine (who, bear in mind, wasn’t born until 272) when he legalized Christianity in 313.
Among all nations she alone was both virgin and mother and without knowledge of man, holy in body and soul.
The first clear hints of Catholic Mariology occur in the writings of Origen, who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, which happened to be the focal point of Isis worship.What of the second objection, that we don’t have early examples of private prayers to Mary?I’d first note that we don’t have a lot of private prayers of any kind from this period.Completely pagan and utterly unbiblical beliefs were given new “Christian” identities.Some clear examples of this are as follows: (1) The Cult of Isis, an Egyptian mother-goddess religion, was absorbed into Christianity by replacing Isis with Mary.Many of the titles that were used for Isis, such as “Queen of Heaven,” “Mother of God,” and theotokos(“God-bearer”) were attached to Mary.